Saturday, August 22, 2009

13 Facts About Cervical Cancer

In developing countries such as Indonesia, the disease cervical cancer is a major cause of death due to cancer. In the world, every two minutes a woman dies due to cervical cancer. So, do not look more threatening disease with the eye. Here are 13 things you must know about cervical cancer.

1. What is cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is neck cancer or womb cancer is the type of disease that occurred in the uterus neck. That is, the womb, which is located on the bottom, which opens to the vagina vagina. Neck of the womb as, when the information has entered the stage, this cancer can spread to other organs throughout the body.

2. How dangerous is it?

The World Health Organization (WHO) states, at this time the disease cervical cancer occupy the top ranking among the various types of cancer that causes death in women in the world. In Indonesia, every year more than 15,000 detected cases of cervical cancer,and approximately as many as 8000 cases of which ended with the death. According to WHO, Indonesia is a country with the number of cervical cancer the highest in the world. Why be so dangerous? The cervical cancer appear as enemies in a blanket. Difficult to detect until the disease has reached advanced stages.

3. What is the cause?

Cervical cancer caused by HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus). This virus has more than 100 types, where most of them harmless and will vanish by itself. Types of HPV virus that cause cancer and cervical most fatal consequence is a virus HPV types 16 and 18. However, other than caused by the HPV virus, abnormal cells in the womb, the neck can also grow due to radiation exposure or contamination of chemicals that occur in the time period long enough.

4. How it spread?

HPV virus transmission can occur through sexual relations, especially with the switch-pair change. Virus transmission can occur either with the transmission through the genital organs to the genital organs, oral to genital or genital to manually. Therefore, the use of condoms when the relationship is too intimate does not prevent the effect of HPV virus. For, not only spread through the fluid, the virus can move through the touch of skin.

5. What are the symptoms?

At the initial stage, this disease does not cause symptoms easily observed. Therefore, you are already sexually active are highly recommended to do the pap smear test every two years. Physical symptoms of this disease is generally only felt by people with advanced stages of cancer. Namely, the emergence of pain and bleeding when exposed intimate (contact bleeding), bleeding outside menstruate cycle, and the drastic decrease in body weight. If the cancer has spread to the pelvis, the patient will suffer painful back complaint, and kidney enlargement.

6. How long growth period?

Pre invasive period (growth of abnormal cells before a malignancy) be calculated this disease long enough, so that people who successfully cetected since early can make a variety of steps to address them. Infections cause settle will abnormal cell growth that can eventually lead to the development of cancer. The development of this takes between 5-20 years, from the stage of infection, pre-cancer to be positive cervical cancer.

7. Is there any risk of smokers with cervical cancer?

There are a lot of research that states the relationship between smoking habits with increased risk of someone with cervical cancer disease. One is that research conducted in the Karolinska Institute in Sweden and published in the British Journal of Cancer in 2001. According Joakam Dillner, MD, lead researcher of the research, and nicotine substance "toxic" that enter into the blood through the cigarette smoke is able to increase the likelihood of occurrence of the condition of the growth of cervical neoplasia or abnormal cells in the womb. "Cervical neoplasia

8. Besides, who else is at risk of being infected?

Women are prone to contract cervical cancer they are aged between 35-50 years, especially you who have been sexually active before the age of 16. Sexual relationship at the age too early can increase the risk of womb neck cancer fell ill of 2 times compared to women who make sexual relationship after the age of 20 years. Uterus neck cancer is also related to the number of sexual partners. The more sexual partners you have, the more increased the risk of a uterus neck cancer. The same as the number of sexual partners, number of pregnancies that have also experienced the occurrence of cancer increase the risk of womb neck.
You are infected with HIV virus and have stated that test results abnormal pap smear, and the people with malnutrition, are also at risk HPV infected with the virus. You do that on the strict diet, low consumption of vitamin A, C, and E each day can cause a reduced level of immunity in the body, so that you can easily become infected.

9. How do I detect cervical cancer?
Pap smear examination is a standard method to detect the uterus neck cancer. However, the pap smear is not the only way that can be done to detect this disease. There is also the type of inspection using acetate acid (vinegar), which is relatively easier and cheaper to do. If you want a more accurate result, now have the latest examination techniques for early detection uterus neck cancer, a technology called Hybrid Capture System II (HCII).

10. Can be prevented?

Despite occupying the highest ranking among the various types of diseases that cause cancer deaths, cervical cancer is the only type of cancer that have been known cause. Therefore, efforts to prevent any very possible. In a way that is not affiliated with intimate couples take turns, make diligent pap smear every two years for those who are already sexually active, maintain health, and vaccination for HPV that has never perform the sexual contact.

11. Should take the HPV vaccination?

In mid-year 2006 has been outstanding preventive vaccine HPV type 16 infection and 18 which is the cause of cervical cancer. This vaccine works by improving the body's immune and catch the virus before entering the cervical cells. Apart from the fort for cervical cancer disease, this vaccine is also working ganda protect women from the threat of HPV types 6 and 11 that cause venereal wart.
That need to be emphasized is that this new vaccination is effective when given to girls aged 9 to 26 years who are not yet sexually active. The vaccine is given as much as 3 times in a period of time. With vaccination, the risk of cancer affected cervical can decrease to 75%.

12. Whether vaccination has side effects?

This vaccine has been tested on thousands of women around the world. The result does not indicate the existence of the dangerous side effects. Side effects that most often complained is fever and redness, pain, and swelling at the injection site. Side effects that are often found bleeding and itching at the injection site. This vaccine is not recommended for pregnant women. However, breastfeeding mothers should receive the vaccine.

13. If already infected, can be cured?

Due to not complained of any symptoms, people with cancer serviks usually come to the hospital when the disease has reached stadium 3. The problem is, serviks cancer that is 2 to reach stadium stadium 4 has caused damage to the body organs, such as bladder, kidney, and other. Therefore, operation of lifting the womb is not enough to make the patient recover as usual. In addition to surgery, patients still have to get additional therapy, such as radiation and chemotherapy. Step even can not guarantee 100% of the initial conditions recovery.

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1 komentar:

lina@happy family said...

Wow, it's a complete one. Cervical cancer is very dangerous, it's better to take prevention cause the early symptoms aren't detected...

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