Wednesday, May 19, 2010

Female Infertility

Infertility is a situation faced by many couples worldwide when they are unable to conceive. According to a survey in America, around 10% of couples bear the brunt of infertility. Usually when a couple is not able to conceive, the female partner is generally blamed, but the reality is that both the partners are equally responsible. Here we discuss female infertility which accounts for 60% of the cases across the globe.

Causes of Infertility

  • Age is one of the main causes of female infertility. Women above the age of 35 have more chances of being affected by infertility because of higher rate if chromosomal changes occurring in the body.Bold
  • Fat accumulated in a woman's body may also lead to cause of infertility. Either too low weight or excessive weight can affect the ability to conceive caused by irregular estrogen balance in the body.
  • Irregular menstrual cycles, eating disorders, smoking, drinking, caffeine, lifestyle factors, exposure to high temperatures, toxic chemicals may also lead to this cause.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease that affects the reproductive system of a woman causing infection in the fallopian tubes. Some develop antibodies to sperm, which cause infertility.
  • Ovulation problems are caused due to hormonal disorders and are one of the major reasons accounting for around one third of the cases.
  • Endometriosis is a disorder when fragments of the endometrial lining are implanted in other areas of the pelvis leading to cysts that can result in infertility in women.
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a major cause of infertility in women characterized by high levels of male hormones - androgen and testosterone.


Some of the medical treatments that women can undergo are:

  • Fertility Drugs: In this, a woman has to inject a special drug to cause ovulation.
  • Intrauterine insemination: The sperms are directly injected into the woman's uterus.
  • In vitro fertilization: The egg is fertilized with the sperm in a lab and the fertilized embryo is implanted into the uterus.
  • Donor eggs: In women who cannot produce viable eggs, eggs from another woman's ovaries are fertilized by the man and then transferred to the infertile woman's uterus.

Infertility is a tough situation for women. Many of them conclude that they can't conceive, but that is not true. At times it takes long to conceive and even if then one is not able to, and then these medical aids are there to help one out of these difficult situations.

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