Sunday, June 06, 2010

Premenstrual Syndrome

Definition

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a wide range of physical or emotional symptoms that typically occur about 5 to 11 days before a woman starts her monthly menstrual cycle. The symptoms usually stop when menstruation begins, or shortly thereafter.

PMS is syndrome afflicting women and occurs to a greater or lesser extent, in days prior to menstruation. It is characterized by irritability and anxiety more pronounced, as well as physical manifestations, such as pain breasts, abdominal distension and headache. It follows from the retention of sodium and water.

Syndrome Premenstrual tension- Also known as PMS is a set of physical and behavioral symptoms that occur in the second half of the menstrual cycle can be so severe that they interfere significantly in women's lives.

The premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a set of hormonal changes that initiate a range of physical and emotional symptoms in women. These symptoms can range from anger and irritability, abdominal cramps and breast tenderness, and some even feel cravings for certain types of food. PMS usually happen 7 to 14 days before menstruation and stop as soon as menstruation begins.

Up to 40% of menstruating women experience PMS symptoms. In most of these women, PMS is nothing more than a minor nuisance. But in about 5%, the symptoms can be debilitating enough to interfere with day-to-day.

There are over 150 different symptoms associated with PMS, which means that it is a difficult problem to diagnose. While there is no specific test for PMS, doctors may recommend tests to exclude the possibility of some other problem with similar symptoms. When the symptoms of a woman coincide with the menstrual cycle and the results of the other diseases are negative, the TPM is considered the cause of symptoms. Keep a diary of the symptoms that you feel every month is helpful to confirm the diagnosis.

What are the symptoms of PMS?
Generally More than 150 physical and psychological symptoms associated with PMS. These symptoms can range from mild to severe intensity, depending on the person and even months.

The general symptoms of PMS include:
Psychological

  • Mood swings, for example, crying for no reason, depression, anxiety, anger, sadness or irritability
  • Changes in mental functions, inability to concentrate or remember things
  • Changes in sexual drive, increased or decreased libido

Physical:
  • Nausea, diarrhea or constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty sleep
  • Headache
  • Swelling
  • Acne
  • Change in the composition of the breasts
  • Joint pain or muscles
  • Cramps
  • Cravings for specific foods, especially carbohydrates, chocolate and other sweets
  • Increase in weight

How to relieve the symptoms of PMS:
  • Reduce intake of caffeine and alcohol:- The caffeine contained in coffee, the chocolates in many soft drinks and some medicines, increased anxiety and emotional instability. Alcohol can cause headaches, fatigue and depression.
  • Reducing salt in foods:- This reduces the swelling caused by water retention by the body.
  • Eating foods rich in calcium:- This will help reduce the swelling and mood swings.
  • Aerobic exercise:- Exercise helps to reduce menstrual cramps and improves mood. Moreover, they release endorphins, substances produced in our body that are responsible for the sense of well being. The ideal is to practice moderate exercise such as walking, cycling or swimming.
  • Add complex carbohydrates to your diet, such as whole grains:- This reduces fatigue and mood swings.
  • Take a multivitamin:- PMS is caused by a lack of vitamins like A, B6, C and D is not very accepted, some women feel better with the use of multivitamins

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